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Let Me Count the Ways: an alphabet of modern Paganism in Victoria

By Galloway, Daracha and Cecily M-B, with contributions and meddlings from Mary, Jan and Esther.

We have a vast and varied cross-section of paganism here in Victoria (or, as an overseas friend of mine recently put it, “the bottom right corner of Australia, before you get to the floaty part”). Below are just snippets of our favourite things about being pagan in Victoria. What are yours?

A is for Andrew

Nestled amidst the beautiful Yarra Ranges, Saint Andrews Community Market has been running for more than forty years now. It now runs weekly, and its eclectic and relaxed atmosphere makes it one the most pagan markets in the state. We especially recommend the drumming workshops on every second week!

B is for Beltane

The Maypole at Mount Franklin. Photo courtesy of the Mount Franklin Annual Pagan Gathering.

The Mount Franklin Annual Pagan Gathering, which turned thirty-two years old in 2013, is the oldest pagan gathering in the Southern Hemisphere, and possibly the world. We love its rich history, acceptance of all pagan faiths and the community atmosphere of the weekend.

C is for Castlemaine

This picturesque town in the goldfields of central Victoria has been home to many witches over the years, and is still popular with witchy folk today. Highlights of the town include the Theatre Royal, the oldest continuously operating theatre on the Australian mainland, and Wesley Hill Market, another gloriously eclectic experience.

D is for Druid

Druidry is thriving in Victoria, with a number of public and private groves established about the place, notably the OBOD-Associated Melbourne Grove and its affiliates.

E is for Euphoria

The Euphoria Pagan Gathering until 2009, and was a long weekend of challenging and extremely transformative rituals, dealing with concepts such as the “shadow self”, facing fears, encountering guides, etc. We look back at these rites, organised by the iconic Seline and Hawthorn, with great fondness, and were absolutely thrilled to discover that the organisers have decided to present the “Rites of Euphoria” again in 2013 and beyond!

F is for Full Moon

Esbats are well and truly celebrated all around Victoria in different rituals, both public and private. One of the most notable gatherings is the one held by the lovely Seline Cardamon-Cairns. These circles provide a friendly and welcoming environment for both beginners and the more adept. You can find out more about them here.

G is for Greenery

Dandenong Ranges National Park

In Victoria, the winters bring harsh frosts, and even snow in places. Summers are long, dusty and dry, and some places don’t see rain for months at a time. But as the days slowly start to warm after the frosty months, and as the ground softens again after the harsh summer sun, we see the green coming back. Grass peeks out of scorched earth and leaves begin to appear on skeletal trees. Vegetable patches take off again, shoots pop up their heads and leaves unfurl. Victoria is a state dotted with state forests, national parks and conservation areas, and many of our small towns’ main streets are lined with oaks, elms, conifers or eucalypts.

H is for Heathen

Norse Paganism is also strong here in Victoria, particularly in the areas of Asatru and Odinism (though we have heard of smaller numbers of practitioners of Theodism). There are hearths, garths and kindreds far flung across the state, and the most active public group seems to be the Melbourne Heathen Moot.

I is for Ireland

Around a quarter of Australians with Irish Ancestry reside in Victoria today. In the early days of white settlement, many of the convicts and labourers who made homes in Victoria were also from the emerald isle – a legacy which lives on today through distinctly Irish place names like Koroit, Belfast (now Port Fairy), Portarlington, Coleraine and Maryborough. Little wonder, then, that so many new Pagans first find an affinity with aspects such as fairies or the ancient Celtic Wheel of the Year, and that so many Pagan meet-ups take place in Irish pubs!

J is for Jonquil

These sunny little chaps are usually the first inkling that Spring is on the way in Victoria, and by early Spring they are prominent in many gardens across the state as the first splash of colour. Jonquils and daffodils feature across a number of cultures and mythologies such as that of the Ancient Greeks, in which Persephone was lured to the Underworld by Hades while she was picking one. In further Ancient Greek ties, the Latin name for the standard Jonquil is Narcissus Jonquilla.

K is for Korumburra

This wee town, nestled in Victoria’s southeast, is also popular with the witchy folk today. Rumour has it that some of Victoria’s first Strega and related groups began in the east of the state back in the seventies (or maybe even earlier?), and little wonder – while many towns in the west of the state were predominantly English and Irish for many years, Korumburra and other places in the east have a strong history of migration waves from all across Europe.

L is for Lindsay

Norman Lindsay was born in Creswick in Central Victoria in 1879, dying in 1969 at age 90. Lindsay was famous for his paintings, etchings and sculptures, many featuring nude women. He also wrote novels, children’s books and essays, and illustrated many of them, too. A lot of his artwork was very pagan – scenes of Bacchanalia, Dionysian revelry, costume parties, half-human half-animals, sphinxes, fauns, decadence, lust and reverence. Lindsay’s artwork was controversial for his time. Some pieces were banned, destroyed or rejected by art galleries: pieces that explored sexual adventures or lusty pagan trysts full of nudes. The nude women in his paintings often held a regal air of authority, power and confidence. Infamous King’s Cross artist Rosaleen Norton also modelled in his painting ‘Crete’ as a nude riding a black bull. Lindsay’s art is still celebrated by many pagans today.

M is for Mysteries

Wherever there is Paganism, there are rumours, and Victoria is not spared from this. Sometimes a few are true, and help us steer clear of the many unsavoury characters that seem to be drawn to Witchcraft and Paganism. But most are untrue and are created out of spite or misunderstanding.
Then there are those rumours that create outright panic. In the 1980’s there were a number of books, such as the one titled Michelle Remembers, published, alleging a worldwide satanic abuse and conspiracy. Despite claims in these books being proven untrue, satanic panic exploded worldwide. Throughout the eighties and nineties, many Pagans and Witches in Victoria and the rest of the world were harassed, lost their jobs and had their homes vandalized as the moral panic about Satanic ritual abuse spread to Australia. In the papers at the time Victoria was described at hotbed of Occult activity, and to this day rumours circulate about a black coven up to no good somewhere in the Dandenong Ranges.
During the panic, some Pagans and Witches sought out media interviews to offer a contrasting view: that Paganism was a peaceful non-violent religion and that the biblical figure called Satan has no place in Witchcraft. Of course, the Victorian Pagan community is not without its own cases of real abuse and we must be vigilant. If you hear/witness abuse going on in any form under the guise of Witchcraft, please contact the police.

N is for North

The old religion(s) are alive and well far from Victoria’s capital. The most recent evidence of this is the Wedderburn New Age Festival, put on in the rural town by a local coven. The festival was by all accounts a hit, and quite popular with the locals, despite much protest and contestation by local church groups, who accused the ladies of “bringing the devil to Wedderburn“, a notion which had most Pagans either falling about laughing or wondering if they had inadvertently time travelled back a few centuries…

O is for Otways

The Great Otway National Park consists of just over one hundred square kilometres of beautiful mountains and temperate rainforest on Victoria’s southwest coast. This rugged and beautiful wilderness has attracted pagans of many walks of life for decades, and contains a number of active ritual sites for different groups and individuals.

P is for Pub


“…So I said to him, ‘not with my athame, mate!’ LOL!”

The tradition of Pagans in the Pub is still going strong as a means for Pagan folk to network, socialise and share ideas. There are pub moots happening all over Victoria’s larger towns. The largest and most well-known is Melbourne Pagans in the Pub, which is currently run by local Melbournite, Philippe.

Q is for Quercus

Victoria is dotted with beautiful oak trees across the cities and the countryside. The oak is an ancient and powerful symbol across a number of ancient cultures, and as such is still very important in paganism today. In Victoria, there are a large number of oak plantations and heritage listed trees. Among our favourites are the pair of Quercus Canariensis in the Manningham Heritage Gardens in Bulleen and the Federal Oak, which was planted by Sir Henry Parkes at Parliament House in Melbourne in 1890.

R is for Ritual

You say the Goddess and God have gone
But I tell you they live on!
For in the cities and hills
And in circles of stone
The voices of the Old Ways
The Spirit of Albion is calling you home…

(Damh the Bard – “The Spirit of Albion”)

At any given Sabbat or Esbat, or at other key times of the year, hundreds of Pagans across the state are conducting their own personal rites of celebration and devotion: in the cities and towns, in the hills and forests, in parks and gardens and on the beaches… Indoors and out, solitaries, large gatherings and everything in between.

S is for Spring


Both red and white hawthorn can be found all around Victoria in the Springtime.

Spring in Victoria is quite a sight, and usually begins with a few very busy weeks. During this time, the air seems to warm up noticeably, everything is energised after the frosty months, and there is a real “feeling” of Spring everywhere you go! Then the wildflowers start dotting the roadsides, and the hawthorn blooms happily. If you only go to the country in Victoria once a year, Spring is the time to do it!

T is for Tradition



Like the rest of Australia, Traditional Witchcraft maintains a quiet but consistent presence in Victoria, where there have been a small number of covens and associated solitary practitioners for decades now.

U is for Unexplained

With its fairly spotty history, the notion that Victoria is quite haunted in places comes as little surprise to many. Among the creepiest of the creepy are the Old Melbourne Gaol; Werribee Park Mansion; The Elephant Bridge Hotel in Darlington, Western Victoria; and Mayday Hills Asylum, which later became the Beechworth Lunatic Asylum, in the state’s North-East.

V is for Varied

People new to Paganism here are often amazed at the amount of choice they have within the community. Back in the dark days before the internet, many groups kept themselves to themselves, and it was hard for “outsiders” to get any information at all, even about Paganism in general. Now Victoria (and the internet!) is home to many active and public groups from a wide range of traditions, and witches, magicians, druids, heathens, pagans and others can network freely if they so choose.

W is for Wiccan Conference

The Australian Wiccan Conference began as an annual conference of the Pagan Alliance (PA). It started in 1984 and was originally a meeting place for the PA in New South Wales with an AGM held at the end of the weekend, until it was decided that the conference could be held in other states. As of 2008, on its 25th Anniversary, the AWC had been held in every state in Australia, being held in QLD in 2008 for the first time. It is normally held on the weekend closest to the Spring Equinox in September, and usually runs for 3 days and 2 nights. People travel from all over Australia to attend the conference, or to present a lecture or workshop. Musicians such as Spiral Dance and many other bands have performed there, and a ritual is usually conducted on the Saturday evening. It is destined to be held in Victoria in 2014.

X is for eXcellence

Yes, I know. But X is tricky!
X is dedicated to all the excellent and exceptional pagan people we have met over the years: to those pioneers who were there at the birth of new groups and ideas, to long-standing elders and members our community, to those who have visited Victoria from interstate and overseas, and to all other decent pagan folk!

Y is for Yule

We have already spoken at length in this article about Victoria’s frosty winters. The icy ground and the green grass make Yule a safe time of year for shenanigans such as big bonfires, fire twirling and more… And non-Pagan folk have started embracing these traditions, too! While the night itself is usually a doozy of a leaf-sizzling frost in most regions, it provides cold ground and a clear sky – excellent conditions for welcoming back the sun!

Z is for Zen

Paganism in Victoria has seen many allies in recent decades, and sometimes from unexpected places. The Buddhist Council of Victoria, for example, have been actively engaged in organising education and awareness programs about so-called “alternative” religions in schools in the state for many years now, as well as interfaith dialogue with many religious groups, including Pagans. There is also the Satyanada Yoga Ashram in Central Victoria which opens its doors to Pagans and people of all faiths, especially during seasonal festivals.

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Are you ready for ritual? The effects of mental illness, trauma and anger within the Craft

By Daracha and more from Galloway

*TRIGGER WARNING* This post discusses mental illness, sexual abuse, miscarriage and other related topics.

A note from the authors:

In the initial publication of this post, it was brought to our attention that there was a very broad tone to this article. This post discusses the appropriateness of participation in rituals and magical workings by those who are not only mentally ill, but who use witchcraft as their sole means of healing. We recognise that very few people will go through their lives without experiencing some form of mental illness, and know that many of our brothers and sisters within the craft suffer from some form of mental illness, which they manage and experience on a daily basis. This article is not directed at them, more at those who use witchcraft (and paganism in general) as a replacement for professional help.

Not much in the Craft is easy. You can’t just claim to be a witch overnight: it will take some time to really understand what witchcraft is. How witchcraft is perceived today in society is a large factor in your understanding, too. In fact, most religion is difficult to involve yourself in professionally, especially when you enter into the study of it. I met someone last year who is training to be a priest – Catholic I think – and he had many, many years of training to commit to.  Even then, may never get a parish of his own. It will depend how hard he works, and even how enthusiastic he is.

It is here we can actually draw parallels to studying the Craft, or indeed most other religions. If you lose interest or enthusiasm, it becomes apparent (hopefully by yourself, firstly) that this may not be for you. There are other factors that come into play, too. As much as some would disagree, the way you live your life outside of circle should be regarded as just as important as how you conduct yourself in ritual or around perceived “elders”.

This also applies to people suffering from mental health issues.

Many covens all over the world have had people with mental illnesses within their groups, and sometimes that illness has caused anger, arguments, and suffering within the group. Some may have been the victim of some kind of heart break, abuse, rape, murder, or untimely death of a loved one.

Without first seeking professional help, bringing that kind of baggage into your coven or working circle is not wise – it can affect the ritual you do, it might affect the dynamic of the group… most of all, it can harm you. We are not saying that if you have a mental illness you should stay away from the Craft altogether, but think about how you feel, and how those feelings can affect others around you.

If you are sad, angry, hurt, or confused, maybe you should stay away from rituals for a while. I have done this once before. I spent the better part of a year away from rituals while I sorted out my head when I was younger – it was the best thing I could have done, not just for the coven, but for myself. I’d do it again if I had to.

Some people seem to have permanent illnesses that affect their position in the group. Some illnesses come and go, while others are ongoing and require constant management. Without this management, these illnesses can result in arguments, selfishness, backstabbing, and the breaking of oaths. When that happens, often there is no going back. We’ve heard of this in covens over the years – a person who suffers from unmanaged, out of control bipolar disorder starting arguments when things are not going their way. Eventually it can erupt into banishment from the coven if they’re not careful –  the mentally unstable person demanding respect and notoriety yet refusing professional help ends up being ignored, left alone and not given a chance to redeem themselves within their magical group.

When illnesses come and go, people like this often they regret what happened. They then need to swallow their pride and apologise if they want to re-enter into the group. But in some cases people who have left groups have broken oaths and spoken of coven secrets. Often, there is no return from this, no matter how much you say sorry. You had a choice, and you chose wrong by outing that group.

I have met people who used to be members of a coven who have been asked to leave due to their troubled state. Not only that, but they also appear to dislike the opposite gender. Most of them had been with so many partners in their lives, that they had a love/hate relationship with them, or seemed to be constantly single but had issues with that. This attitude is not acceptable in the Craft either; you need to accept that all genders are equal and stop spouting vicious, unnecessarily over the top  feminist/misogynistic views. But when such extreme views are coupled with an unmanaged mental illness or trauma, it can spell extra trouble.

Here’s a hard but common issue: some victims, when they haven’t had the appropriate time to heal/medical attention, can sometimes bring their experience of trauma into a coven. One example that crosses my mind is a rape victim.

A rape is an unfathomably terrible, disgusting and often soul-destroying experience. We are not here to argue this point.

It’s a difficult discussion, as this person is a victim of an attack that has changed their lives, and yes, it was nowhere near fair. But witchcraft should not be pivotal in their healing process. Your high priest and priestess are not trained mental health professionals and should not be treated as such. It is absolutely fine to seek fellowship, love and company from your coven, but ritual and magick should never take the place of professional help and genuine healing.

Sometimes rituals can help you heal, but in many cases the healing process should really have started BEFORE you return to rituals. There is always a way out of the feeling of disempowerment, to make steps towards healing  – often with the maturity, ability and expertise to help others with the same issue.

Sometimes people refuse help, but will dwell on the negativity in their lives and the unfairness of it all.  This, in turn, can draw to attention seeking behaviours in a few circumstances. If it is your choice not to receive help and not to take steps towards healing, this is ok in some settings. Your choice is always your own.

But in the world of the Craft,  if you continually bring that to a coven or group, you may begin to cause trouble for the other members – especially if you are supported by them, but DON’T change your attitude, and never appear to heal from it.

People are only too happy to help people suffering from trauma, but ultimately it’s you doing the healing, not them. It can be hard, but very possible to heal. Your working group there to support YOUR work, but again: they are not trained professionals. If you seek out the help you need, yet your experiences or mental health issues are affecting your ritual work, they may ask you to leave until you are ready to go into ritual or continue on with your spiritual path. Unless a coven can work out some sort of empowering ceremony delicate enough for that hurt individual, serious and intense rituals should be avoided.

No sensible High Priest or Priestess would initiate an adult with unaddressed mental health issues. If they did knowingly, it would be irresponsible, to their own folly, and they will have to suffer the consequences themselves. It may be that they don’t have any respect or trust from any other coven, Elders or Traditions.

It is also extremely unwise to blame the gods for your misfortune and pain. Miscarriages, for example, are absolutely horrible things for people to go through, but one issue that has been noticed by many is the appearance of blaming the Gods for the loss of said child. The Gods had no hands in it, you need to stop wondering why the Gods have seen you in an unfavourable light and caused the death of your unborn child – it’s more likely a medical reason. Someone we met a few years ago blamed the Gods for all their miscarriages. In the end, it had something to do with their blood type. They still managed to have lots of children anyway.

This practise of scapegoating isn’t limited to we pagans, either: it’s common knowledge that a lot of Christians blame their God for the death of a loved one, and I never understood why that was. I’ve never blamed any Gods for anything, I don’t believe in using any kind of scapegoat. My level of worship does not go so far as to believe that the Gods will be on my side if I got pregnant, or I went for a great career job. That’s not what I expect from them. To me, it’s about guidance, advice, snippets of information, and knowing if you are on the right path.

Anger within ritual is not good. If you are angry about something, it’s hard to do anything, even meditate. So why would you go into ritual while angry? Alex Sanders even spoke about this in Stewart Farrar’s book What Witches Do. After spending a day out doing an interview with rather ignorant people of the media, Alex came home angry and tired, and in no way ready to do an initiation that night.

I’d be a hypocrite to try it,’ he apologised. ‘I could sail through it, or course, but it wouldn’t mean anything.’ Then he laughed and added, ‘In my present state, you’d do better to form a circle and protect yourselves against me.’ Even high grade witches are human, but if they are as they should be, they have the self-knowledge and sense of responsibility to act (or refrain from acting) accordingly.

Every human knows that when you are angry, you cannot concentrate, and end up doing something you regret – how many people have reacted physically while angry (like smashing up a ex’s car with a baseball bat) and regretted it when the consequences catch up with you – the same goes for ritual – anger can throw so many energies into a rite that may not be good for it. Remember, it’s all about intent, and if you forget your intent due to anger then it may change the initial aim of the ritual. You need to step back and relax, give your role to someone else if possible, or just sit out of the ritual completely.

The same often goes for people who are upset before a ritual – especially if it is in regards to the ritual. This has never happened to me, but someone I spoke to once was upset and tired before a ritual. In the end, the ritual did not go to plan, the upset person got even more upset and had many regrets after it, as did the other ritualists. They promised themselves that if they ever felt that way again, not to do the ritual, and that is very wise. The High Priest and Priestess that evening did not double check with the ritualists to see if they felt alright. As a HP and HPS, it cannot hurt to check. Of course, it’s also best the ritualists speak up in future if they have an issue. Luckily it was only a smallish private ritual.

If you feel very drawn to the Craft or Paganism, and intend to attend public gatherings and work with like-minded folk, please make sure you are well enough with a positive attitude to do this. Do not enter into the Craft with hatred of any race, ethnicity, gender, sexuality, religion, attitudes or abilities. If you have issues with something in the Craft, don’t go near it. Stay away, nobody in the Craft will understand why you are there; they will encourage you to leave. It is your responsibility to stay away from something if you are not capable of working safely, especially when it involves others.

It is also important that you are trusted in the Craft – if you are a High Priest or Priestess and have mental issues or trauma surfacing, it is best you don’t take others under your wing and train them, let alone be treated as an authority. You should step back from the Craft scene and not let anyone pressure you into any leadership roles. You may only make bad judgements, maybe even train and initiate people who are just as ill as you, and thus cause a rupture within the Craft scene… especially with any people that ‘pamper’ your own issues. You have to be careful how you feel, let alone trust those beneath you with the Craft.

As there is no proper ‘school’ of witchcraft and priestess training in the world, people need to be careful who they train. That’s why training takes years – like the Catholic priest in his school. You need proof that that person is stable, and consistent in that stablity. They have to have a general interest in the happiness of mankind to be capable of being trained. People come to Catholic Priests with trust for advice and confessions; you would need to prove your ability to be able to be that kind of authority. If you had an untreated mental illness and a bad attitude, you may advise the person to do the wrong thing, and you are not really in the position to dole out advice.

Time can prove someone’s worth. As I said above, sanity must be consistent in a seeker of the Craft for the safety of all.

We are not demanding all mentally ill folk leave the scene altogether. But we cannot stress enough to you – if you have issues, by all means seek help from medical practitioners, and helplines before you throw yourself, or demand to be involved in a working group. Seek help, and stick to it. If you’re too arrogant to listen to this advice, then it will go badly for you – I promise. Witches are healers for the most part, and if you need healing, then take time out for that before you become a healer yourself, and enter into Witchcraft, or any kind of Pagan traditions and its rituals. Damaged people cannot be healers, unless they have overcome that damage.

Think about it. You’re working with magick, for Odin’s sake. Make sure you’re rational enough for that.

The Craft will test you. The Gods will test you. Magick will test you. You need to be very ready….

Remember:

–          There is a lot of responsibility you must consider when becoming a Priest or Priestess in the Craft.

–          If you have been raped, abused, or traumatised in your life, make sure you have gotten the professional help you need and are ready to take on a spiritual path that involves rituals, magick and other people, also the training and the giving of advice of others.

–          If you have any hatred toward ethnic groups, religions, sexualities, or genders, consider what you are doing and thinking – these are not accepted in the Craft, do not bring your grievances in, no one will appreciate it or put up with it.

–          If you are bipolar, or have any other mental illnesses, be especially sure that you have had adequate professional help to manage your condition, and be mindful what you do in the Craft. Think about your actions, what magick you do, who it will affect, and how ready you are to work as a Witch, HP or HPS.

–          An initiation, whether self or otherwise, is opening yourself up to the gods and the universe. If you are self initiating, please ensure you are mentally ready. Generally, decent HP and HPS will keep you around for a long time before they initiate you, so that all parties are satisfied you are ready for what’s to come. Patience, patience.

If you like, test yourself to see how you fare with this exam . Most of the time when you Google ‘mental illness’ with the word ‘witchcraft,’ you get sites that talk about the witch craze of Salem, Massachusetts. Today, with Witchcraft and Paganism becoming a religious belief of a different sort to Salem, it’s a completely different thing.

Back then, if you were crazy you must have been a witch, today if you’re crazy, it’s best you DON’T become a witch…

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Doreen Valiente Blue Plaque Unveiling

Doreen Valiente, a woman considered to be the Mother of Modern Witchcraft, and who died in 1999, has been acknowledged with a blue plaque upon the block of flats where she lived in Brighton. This is the first blue plaque dedicated to a member of the Wiccan community, and also the first plaque to grace a block of flats.

plaque unveiling

photo courtesy of badwitch.co.uk

People, witches and pagans from far and wide arrived in Brighton for the midsummer unveiling of the plaque, and to celebrate afterwards. The Pentacle Drummers were there creating atmosphere and something to dance to, as well as John Belham-Payne, Rufus Harrington and the Mayor of Brighton to give speeches and unveil the plaque. Look like it was an enjoyable day!

dsc_0026

photo courtesy of Philip Carr-Gomm

Doreen Valiente Foundation – http://doreenvaliente.org/

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